The New York Herald Tribune trumpets Georgia's ratification following South Carolina, Alabama and North Carolina in November 1865 to complete ratification. California, Oregon and Florida would also ratify later in December 1865.
St. Ignatius College Preparatory students and faculty led by Matt Balano, Lakeeja Roberts and Chris Delaney explored California's road to ratification during a special 150th anniversary tour in San Francisco of the California African-American Freedom Trail, which was inspired by the 2007 discovery of the California ratification of the 13th Amendment in a closet in the Historic State Capitol.
ReUNION: Education-Arts-Heritage Executive Producer John William Templeton created an exhibition for the Legislative Black Caucus called Gold Rush Abolitionists and followed up with a three part exhibition The Year of Jubilee in 2013 for the 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation. Nine annual conferences have identified the path to freedom which ran through California.
On Dec. 5, Templeton presents the California African-American Freedom Trail as the luncheon speaker for the National Black Caucus of State Legislators in Los Angeles followed by a tour of the sites in the L.A. area at 2 p.m.
Pictured right are delegates to the American Library Association who took the Freedom Trail tour in July during the annual conference in San Francisco, at the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Waterfall.
To subscribe to ReUNION: Education-Arts-Heritage daily instructional television, peer reviewed for cultural mastery with learners of African descent, call 415--272-7209. Scroll through the carousel below to see the process of ratification including a narrative from the Union League of New York, which created a committee to lobby for its ratification nationwide.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: Generous support of the National Bankers Association; Rhode Island Dept. of State, Massachusetts Archives, New York State Archives, Vermont State Archives and Records Administration, Tennessee State Library and Archives, Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum, Connecticut State Library, Alabama Dept. of Archives and History, Pennsylvania State Archives, Maryland State Archives, Arkansas History Commission, Minnesota Historical Society, Indiana State Archives, Library of Virginia, Iowa State Archives, Kentucky State Archives, African-American Civil War Museum, Library of Congress